by: Federico Fernández,
Real Estate Consultant
The Costa Rican architectural background in fact goes a long way back. Recently, sites where the mysterious pre-Columbian stone spheres were found in southern territories of our country were declared World Heritage by UNESCO. These belong to settlements established in our territory as far back as 200 B.C., and up to the 16th century, when the first Europeans explored what later became our great nation. You can learn about these interesting spheres at World-Mysteries.com.
The human settlements Spanish conquerors found back then consisted of villages with round cottages with stone foundations and thatch roofs that inspire the palapas we now find in several luxury homes and resorts in the province of Guanacaste.
Perhaps the type of architecture that marked our landscape the most was the one brought by our Spanish conquerors. Constructions from the colonial period between 1560 and the mid-19th century are still standing. A lot of them are religious buildings (Catholic churches), simple houses in the original grid of major cities, or hacienda houses.